ra and bastet

She could serve as a benevolent spiritual companion, watching over them as they went about their day-to-day activities.

Other times, they were meant to invoke her presence so that she could grant a favor. She then was depicted as the daughter of Ra and Isis, and the consort of Ptah, with whom she had a son Maahes. Bastet was also depicted as the goddess of protection against contagious diseases and evil spirits. [5] In the biblical Book of Ezekiel 30:17, the town appears in the Hebrew form Pibeseth.
She was generally revered as the daughter of Ra the creator god and king of the Egyptian Gods. As Bastet was the goddess of cats, she was usually depicted with a cat head and an ankh (the Egyptian symbol of life). Cats were very important to the ancient Egyptians and were even considered to be demi-deities. [5] By the first millennium, then, bꜣstt would have been something like *Ubaste (< *Ubastat) in Egyptian speech, later becoming Coptic Oubaste.[5]. Bastet was the daughter of Ra, sister of Sekhmet, the wife of Ptah, and the mother of Mihos. [12], At the Bubastis temple, some cats were found to have been mummified and buried, many next to their owners. Consequently, they believed that Bastet must also have a twin brother, as well, and decided that Horus, son of the Egyptian goddess Isis, was the most likely candidate. Maahes went by several names, including Mihos and Mysis. Overcome with lust, he asks for her name and learns that she is Taboubu, the daughter of a priest of Bastet. Save for the entrance, it stands on an island; two separate channels approach it from the Nile, and after coming up to the entry of the temple, they run round it on opposite sides; each of them a hundred feet wide, and overshadowed by trees. En effet, Bastet était aussi une déesse protectrice du pharaon. Typically, these amulets were intended to "[harness] her fecundity and protection.". Despite what these titles might suggest, Maahes was not seen as evil. However, he was primarily worshipped in his own right in the aptly named "Leontopolis," or "city of lions," where his temple was located. Shaking it was known to soothe the goddess so that she would be more willing to communicate with whomever was calling upon her. Whenever they passed a major city, they would bring the boat to shore. Her followers traveled there from far and wide to pay their respects to her, often by having their cats interred as a dedication to her. The aegis typically took the form of "a collar-like necklace." In W. Clarysse, A. Schoors, H. Willems. Some scholars infer that this behavior reflected a joyful defiance of societal constraints. Both men and women prayed to her, served as her clergy, brought her sacrifices, and reveled in her name at her annual festival. [8] In addition to her solar connections, sometimes she was called "eye of the moon". Yet she could also be ferocious when punishing those who harmed others and created disorder in society. Bubastis was especially popular with devotees of Bastet during its annual festival in the deity's honor. Elle est la fille de Râ et la femme de Ptah. / Explore / Deities in Ancient Egypt / Bastet (Bast). [4] Because domestic cats tend to be tender and protective of their offspring, Bastet was also regarded as a good mother and sometimes was depicted with numerous kittens. Their patronage made Bubastis one of Egypt's wealthiest and most prosperous cities. Then she was known as "Ubaste." Others show her surrounded by kittens, emphasizing her connection to childbirth and fertility. [12] Two thousand years later, during the Third Intermediate Period of Egypt (c. 1070–712 BC), Bastet began to be depicted as a domestic cat or a cat-headed woman.[13]. I am the Cat Goddess of Bubastis. How did this name come about? Turner and Bateson suggest that the status of the cat was roughly equivalent to that of the cow in modern India.

[18] This accords well with Egyptian sources that prescribe that lioness goddesses are to be appeased with the "feasts of drunkenness". Bastet was not only the protector of women. Cass claims that no modern temples of Bastet exist today. Bastet was the daughter of Ra, sister of Sekhmet, the wife of Ptah, and the mother of Mihos. Bastet was worshiped in Bubastis in Lower Egypt, originally as a lioness goddess, a role shared by other deities such as Sekhmet. In this form, she was considered to be a fierce protector of those who lived in harmony with each other, and a bloodthirsty punisher of those who broke sacred laws and sowed destruction.
Scribes of the New Kingdom and later eras began referring to her with an additional feminine suffix, as Bastet. Eventually Bastet and Sekhmet were characterized as two aspects of the same goddess, with Sekhmet representing the powerful warrior and protector aspect and Bastet, who increasingly was depicted as a cat, representing a gentler aspect. The Ancient History Encylopedia states that Bastet was originally known to her followers as a lioness or lion-headed woman. Elle était vénérée à Bubastis, en Haute Egypte. Copyright 2020 Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum | All Rights Reserved | design by Placemaking Group, Treasures of the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum. [11], Bastet first appears in the third millennium BC, where she is depicted as either a fierce lioness or a woman with the head of a lioness. However, her feline form is only one of her many intriguing aspects. Delia, Diana (1999).

Les chats, en Egypte ancienne, figuraient parmi les rares animaux à recevoir le privilège d'être momifiés. Many other pharaohs were linked to her through their titles. If so, read on for a primer on this most fascinating deity. According to the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum, it was common for women to make amulets dedicated to Bast. According to the Ancient History Encyclopedia, one of the most well-known myths about Bastet is "The Tale of Setna and Taboubu." Bastet was later featured in several releases by DC Comics. Ancient Egyptian deities in popular culture § Bastet, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bastet&oldid=985740669, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Ancient Egyptian-language text, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 17:54. The native Egyptian rulers were replaced by Greeks during an occupation of Ancient Egypt in the Ptolemaic Dynasty that lasted almost 300 years. In this story, Bastet is furious with Ra for an unexplained reason. She was violent and sent to slaughter the people who betrayed Ra, but when calm she became the more kind and forgiving goddess Hathor. Additionally, Bastet is a supporting character in Rick Riordan's The Kane Chronicles, a trilogy about two teenagers (pictured above) who encounter the Egyptian gods. In Egyptian mythology, Bastet (Bast) is the goddess of protection, cats, pregnancy, fertility, music, warfare and ointments. Along with other deities such as Hathor, Sekhmet, and Isis, Bastet was associated with the Eye of Ra. He sprang from a "primordial lotus flower" at the beginning of time and created the world with his tears. In addition to being associated with cats, Maahes was considered the personification of the sun's heat. Goddess of protection, cats, perfume/ointments, fertility, pregnancy, children, music, the arts, and warfare, Bastet in her late form of a cat-headed woman, rather than a lioness. Over the years, Bastet has been called by a multitude of names. Therefore, it makes sense that numerous pharaohs have been associated with her. Thus, it is no wonder that her father was Ra, king of the gods. Herodotus also relates that of the many solemn festivals held in Egypt, the most important and most popular one was that celebrated in Bubastis in honor of this goddess. "The temple is in the midst of the city, the whole circuit of which commands a view down into it. Thus, Bastet was one of the most popular deities in the Egyptian pantheon. There, Taboubu tells Setna that she will sleep with him if he grants her ownership of all his possessions — and agrees to have his children killed. It was believed that every day she would ride through the sky with her father, the sun god Ra. According to ReadDC.com, she even received her own spin-off trilogy called The Sandman Presents: Bast, which focuses on her strange friendship with a teenage girl named Lucy. Ancient Egyptians often sculpted statuettes of Bastet to demonstrate their devotion to her. The Ancient History Encyclopedia notes that she was also the deity of the domestic sphere, bringing safety, happiness, and health to the homes of her devotees. Bastet is one of the most powerful goddesses in the Egyptian pantheon. In his article "The Cat and Ancient Egypt," American Egyptologist Frank J. Yurco explains that the ancient Egyptians appreciated the domestic cat for myriad reasons. Fille du dieu Râ, Bastet ou Bast est une divinité aussi discrète qu’importante dans le panthéon égyptien. He often took on a feline form, preferring to appear as a lion or lion-headed man. Great sacrifices were made and prodigious amounts of wine were drunk—more than was the case throughout the year. "Isis, or the Moon".

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