Results of the test, along with those of other blood tests, can help doctors to confirm the presence of anemia, a condition characterized by a lack of red blood cells. The test can be done on its own or as part of a CBC test. Using results from checking RDW level can help in the early diagnosis and successful treatment of certain health issues. Later, when I was looking over my bloodwork results, I noticed there were two tests that came back high. A study from 2015 found that RDW is significantly higher in people with diabetes. Anemia can be treated with medications, dietary changes, and supplements. In this article, you will learn about the RDW blood test and what it means for your health. Thus, the MPV can sometimes be helpful in telling apart different disorders. The RDW is often increased in: B12 and Pernicious anemia; Folic acid anemia Diabetes can cause spikes in blood sugar levels, increased urination, and other serious complications. An MCV test measures the average volume of a red blood cell. Doctors can use results from RDW blood test to see if you are at more risk of developing heart disease. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc.2013 Jan 1;54(3):333-9. RDW level greater than 14.5% means that there is a large degree of variation in red blood cell size. The mean platelet count blood test is typically part of a complete blood count (CBC) test. If the distribution width of your red blood cells is too low or too high, this can indicate that you have anemia. You can get more information about MCHC blood test in the article: MCHC Blood Test: What It Means and What It Tells About Your Health. In other cases, it is due to an underlying medical condition. You can find more information in my article about early signs of lung disease and how to strengthen your lungs. In this article, we describe what the RDW test is and how to prepare for it. J Thorac Dis. Researchers found that people with lupus had increased RDW whether they had anemia or not.10. The test identifies the…, © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. A study in the International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics reported that changes in RDW happen throughout pregnancy. Therefore, it’s important to know the first signs of kidney disease and how to protect them. What to know about iron deficiency anemia, thalassemia, an inherited blood disorder involving decreased levels of hemoglobin, a family history of blood disorders, including thalassemia or sickle cell anemia, dizziness, weakness, pale skin, or other symptoms of anemia, major blood loss following injury or surgery. The journal Experimental & Clinical Cardiology reported on the connection between RDW and high blood pressure. RDW that is too high with normal MCV could also be a sign of chronic liver disease. If your RDW levels are normal but MCV is too high, then this could mean that you have liver problems or your blood has been affected by alcohol, antivirals, or chemotherapy treatment. High RDW levels can mean that you have an iron deficiency if your MCV readings are lower than normal. This is what RDW blood test results along with MCV results can tell about your health:4. RDW Blood Test: What It Means and What It Tells About Your Health, Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer. Occasionally, some people may feel queasy or light-headed while the blood is drawn or shortly after. Red cell distribution width (RDW for short) is a blood test used to measure the difference in size and volume of your red blood cells. Both high and low levels may indicate cancer, anemia, and autoimmune disorders. Erythrocyte (red blood cell) distribution width that is above normal levels could mean that there is a greater chance of suffering a heart attack, stroke, or peripheral artery disease. For example, immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a platelet deficiency caused by the destruction of platelets without a known cause. A doctor may order a CBC if a person has: If the results of a CBC show low levels of red blood cells or hemoglobin, this usually suggests anemia. Some medical conditions are associated with a high MPV and some are associated with a low MPV. So, to gain a complete picture of a person’s health, doctors also consider the results of other blood tests. Red cell distribution width. Taking RDW levels and comparing them with other red blood cell indices can allow doctors to check for anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency, low levels of iron, and other blood disorders. However, not all conditions affect RDW. Can a ketogenic diet prevent heart failure? This suggests iron deficiency or microcytic anemia. Red cell distribution width. One was RDW (Red Cell Distribution Width) - mine was 15.3 and the good range is 11.0 - 15.0%. A test to determine red cell distribution width shows variation in the size and volume of a person’s red blood cells. Learn more, including how to…, Mean corpuscular hemoglobin or MCH levels refer to the amount of hemoglobin that is present in a red blood cell. Diabetes is caused by the body not producing enough or not responding properly to insulin. According to Medscape, the RDW results from a blood test can help determine the cause of the anemia and, therefore, how to treat it. The blood sample will flow from the needle into a tube. Clotting is a natural protection against bleeding. According to the journal Haematologica, RDW is higher in some people with cancer and can help determine the seriousness of the disease.12 Also, doctors can use RDW to help screen for breast cancer and determine the best course of treatment.13. COVID-19: Convalescent T cells could protect the vulnerable, A third of older people may be prescribed ‘inappropriate drugs’, COVID-19 can disrupt electrical activity in frontal lobes of brain. While variation is common, average red blood cells are 6–8 micrometers (μm) in diameter. Elevated red blood cell distribution width could mean that a person is anemic and is at risk of other health conditions. Results can indicate the presence of anemia and help to pinpoint the underlying cause. Some temporary conditions can cause a higher than normal platelet count. Article Sources According to doctors from the Mayo Clinic, the RDW reference range is 11.8% to 15.6%. Normal RDW and low MCV. It can indicate: To confirm a diagnosis, a doctor will compare the results of the RDW test with those of the MCV measurement. However, you should remember that RDW is not in itself a determining factor in the presence of cancer.
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