A winter-hardy variety of the silk tree, A. julibrissin var. Macro Image of Ceiba speciosa in Thailand, The fruits are lignous ovoid capsules, 20 centimetres (8 in) long, which contain bean-sized black seeds surrounded by a mass of fibrous, fluffy matter reminiscent of cotton or silk.. The trunk is also studded with thick, sharp conical prickles which deter wild animals from climbing the trees. Agroforestry-Systems, 44(2-3):253-265. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 44(1):83-86; 14 ref. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. As such it should be given infrequent, deep waterings during the summer, which will benefit growth and flowering.. Leguminosae. Its leaves slowly close during the night and during periods of rain, the leaflets bowing downward; thus its modern Persian name shabkhosb (شبخسب) means "night sleeper". Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Miller JH, 1995. Binggeli P, 1999. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Jordan CF, 2004. Bayard Hora Consultant Editor. Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council., Nashville, USA: http://www.se-eppc.org/, USDA-NRCS, 2002. Proceedings of the 48th annual meeting of the Southern Weed Science Society, Memphis, Tennessee, USA, 16-18 January 1995. Flowered pink specimen, in a road at Mogi-Mirim, near São Paulo, Brazil. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Addlestone BJ, Mueller JP, Luginbuhl JM, Lassoie JP; Buck LE, 1999. In: Wide-leaf Warea (Warea amplexifolia). Alberi. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs Vol. Hardy in North America. Henderson L, 2001. Exotic forest trees in the British Commonwealth. Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions. The silk floss tree (Ceiba speciosa, formerly Chorisia speciosa), is a species of deciduous tree native to the tropical and subtropical forests of South America. Banfi E, Consolino F, 1996. The natural habitat of the silk floss tree is the north-east of Argentina, east of Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and southern Brazil. Another variety, A. julibrissin var. Champaign, Illinois, USA; Southern Weed Science Society, 120-126. And, although once included in Mimosa, neither is it very close to the Mimoseae. Flowered white specimen, Taiching, Taiwan.  It is very frequently planted in semi-arid areas like California's Central Valley, central Texas and Oklahoma. The silk floss tree (Ceiba speciosa, formerly Chorisia speciosa), is a species of deciduous tree native to the tropical and subtropical forests of South America.It has several local common names, such as palo borracho (in Spanish literally "drunken stick"), samu'ũ (in Guarani) or paineira (in Brazilian Portuguese).In Bolivia, it is called toborochi, meaning "tree of refuge" or "sheltering tree". , A. julibrissin f. rosea has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit; likewise the cultivar 'Summer Chocolate'.. The name nemunoki*(Jap. ねむの木, Kanji: 合歓木) and its variants is a kigo representing the summer in haiku, especially a sleepy summer evening. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Rehder A, 1977. The branches tend to be horizontal and are also covered with prickles. Troup RS, Joshi HB, 1983. Other positive attributes are a fast growth rate, low water requirements and the ability to thrive planted in full sun in hot summer climates. Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall. 2007. http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html.  Its seeds are numerous and they are fertile even over long periods of drought. The flower colour varies from white in A. julibrissin f. alba, to rich red-tipped flowers. Le principali avversità delle piante floreali ed ornamentali. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. . Organic farming and agroforestry: Alley cropping for mulch production for organic farms of southeastern United States. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, USA. Cape Town, South Africa: Paarl Printers. Le principali avversità delle piante floreali ed ornamentali. Another tree of the same genus, Ceiba chodatii, is often referred to by the same common names. The bark is dark greenish grey in colour and striped vertically as it gets older. In Japan, A. julibrissin f. rosea is often used for non-traditional bonsai. Bailey LH, 1939. The leaves are composed of five to seven long leaflets. The flowers are creamy-whitish in the center and pink towards the tips of their five petals. CABI is a registered EU trademark. http://plants.usda.gov. Physiology and Phenology Albizia silk trees need a little space to accommodate their arching habit, so be sure to plan for this accordingly when planting. [Flora d'Italia.]. The bark has been used to make ropes. In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands. The leaves are bipinnate, 20–45 cm (7.9–17.7 in) long and 12–25 cm (4.7–9.8 in) broad, divided into 6–12 pairs of pinnae, each with 20–30 pairs of leaflets; the leaflets are oblong, 1–1.5 cm (0.39–0.59 in) long and 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) broad. SE-EPPC, 2002.  As a deciduous tree, it is completely bare of leaves and flowers during the winter months, especially when growing outside of its native South America habitat. Bologna, Italy: Edagricole, 139-143. There is also a form, A. julibrissin f. rosea (pink silk tree) which has, in the past, been classed either as a variety or as a cultivar. PFAF, 1999. Pignatti S, 1982. Original habitats of the tree include regions from Iran (Persia) and the Republic of Azerbaijan to China and Korea. The European Garden Flora: a manual for the identification of plants cultivated in Europe, both out of doors and under glass Vol. Herbicide-resistant crops: a bitter or better harvest? Botanica forestale. I. London, UK: BT Batsford Ltd. Luken JO, Thieret JW, 1996. Award-winner Syringa reticulata 'Ivory Silk' (Japanese Tree Lilac) is a large shrub or small tree with an oval to rounded crown. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. The fruit is a flat brown pod 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) long and 2–2.5 cm (0.79–0.98 in) broad, containing several seeds inside. Leguminose arboree e arbustive in Italia. World Wide Web page at http://metalab.unc.edu/pfaf. Anon, 1981. Some feed values for fodder plants from Nepal. 324 pp. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Albizia julibrissin was described by Antonio Durazzini. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. Because of its invasive tendencies and disease susceptibility, it is rarely recommended as an ornamental plant in the US, though it is still widely planted in parts of Europe. New York, USA: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. Sankhla D, Davis TD, Sankhla N, 1996. 12, Cape Town, South Africa: Paarl Printers. Hachette ed., 86-87. Delhi, India; Controller of Publications. Simon J, 1965. Albizia julibrissin var. http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html. Paiero P, Martini F, Colpi C, 1993. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 19 pp. Badiali G, Marchetti L, Zechini D'Aulerio A, 1993. 12. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5. In vitro regeneration of silktree (Albizzia julibrissin) from excised roots. Ceiba speciosa is added to some versions of the hallucinogenic drink Ayahuasca. Henderson L, 2001. Benth. The wood can be used to make canoes, as wood pulp, and to make paper. France: Hachette ed., 86-87. Rangelands in a sustainable biosphere. Although capable of surviving drought, growth will be stunted and the tree tends to look sickly. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2003, US Fish and Wildlife Service, In: Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. Cullen J, Alexander JCM, Brady A, Brickell CD, Green PS, Heywood VH, Jörgensen PM, Jury SL, Knees SG, Leslie AC, Matthews VA, Robson NKB, Walters SM, Wijnands DO, Yeo PF ed. Trieste, Italy: Lint ed. Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia. The Silviculture of Indian Trees. In: STreet JE, ed. Roots like to spread out as well, so it is wise not to plant this tree close to a sidewalk or other cement patio where it could cause disruption. Variants with cream or pale yellow flowers are also reported. http://www.ildis.org/database/, SE-EPPC, 2002. Albizia julibrissin is known by a wide variety of common names, such as Persian silk tree and pink siris. The Japanese tree lilac "Ivory Silk" (Syringa reticulata "Ivory Silk") is related to the fragrant, old-fashioned flowering shrubs of the same genus, but it stands apart on several counts. A. julibrissin is a small deciduous tree growing to 5–16 m (16–52 ft) tall, with a broad crown of level or arching branches.
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