civil war last names

Names used to refer to the American Civil War, War for Southern Independence/Second American Revolution. This database contains records relating to Civil War Prisoners of War (POW). Again, they were often simply referred to by their commander's name (Moody's Battery, Parker's Battery). If you know the county where the soldier lived when he enlisted, then county histories or other county resources should provide details of the units formed in the area. Queen Victoria's proclamation of British neutrality referred to "hostilities... between the Government of the United States of America and certain States styling themselves the Confederate States of America."[7]. These case files are organized by state, then by petitioner's last name. If anything, his choice of the term in regard to the Civil War has more to do with the Industrial Revolution and its profound effects. In 1898, the United Confederate Veterans formally endorsed the name. Several names also exist for the forces on each side; the opposing forces named battles differently as well. Collection of military service records, containing more than 6 million names of servicemen — Union and Confederate — who fought in the U.S. Civil War. U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861–1865 Millions of Americans served in the Civil War, sending many soldiers far from home, across the United States. Additional detail, when pertinent, may also be included, including information on hospitalization for injury or illness, capture as a prisoner of war, courts martial, etc. [citation needed] (Walt Whitman calls it the "War of Secession" or the "Secession War" in his prose.). Nicknames were common in both armies, such as the Iron Brigade and the Stonewall Brigade. This database contains an index to compiled service records (CSRs) for soldiers who served with units in the Confederate army. "Freedom War" is used to celebrate the war's effect of ending slavery. Once you've determined the state from which your Civil War ancestor likely served, the next helpful step is to learn which company and regiment to which he was assigned. U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861–1865 We’ll help you discover a lot more. Wade. Top Answer. Discover your Civil War ancestors in our online collection of American Civil War military records, spanning 1860–1865. But there are numerous records relating to the entire population of the states as well. Each individual’s name has been indexed and is searchable in this database. Check photo albums and other old family records as well. Franklin D. Roosevelt referred to the Civil War as "the four-year War Between the States. Ano ang Imahinasyong guhit na naghahati sa daigdig sa magkaibang araw? All rights reserved. Macon, Bibb County, Georgia "for many years" when he was killed on 11 All Rights Reserved. In the United States, "Civil War" is the most common term for the conflict and has been used by the overwhelming majority of reference books, scholarly journals, dictionaries, encyclopedias, popular histories, and mass media in the United States since the early 20th century. More likely he was a member of a volunteer regiment raised by his home state, such as the 11th Virginia Volunteers or the 4th Maine Volunteer Infantry. "[25], Since the free states, most non-Yankee groups (Germans, Dutch-Americans, New York Irish and southern-leaning settlers in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois) showed opposition to waging the Civil War,[26] other Confederate sympathizers have used the name "War of Yankee Aggression"[27] or "Great War of Yankee Aggression"[28] to indicate the Civil War as a Yankee war, not a Northern war per se. The Union forces frequently named battles for bodies of water that were prominent on or near the battlefield, but Confederates most often used the name of the nearest town. The CMSR contains basic information about the soldier's military career, when and where he enlisted, when he was present or absent from camp, amount of bounty paid, how long he served, and when and where he was discharged, or died. *RUN AWAY* from John Steven's plantatio... She was my 2nd great grandmother. Film number (NARA microfilm series and roll number) where soldier’s information is found, If African American, whether included in the African American Civil War Memorial, If included in the African American Civil War Memorial, the name displayed there and the soldier’s plaque number. This database contains an index to compiled service records (CSRs) for soldiers who served with units in the Confederate army. How Did Sherman's March End the Civil War? This index was a joint project of the U.S. National Park Service, the Federation of Genealogical Societies (FGS), and the Genealogical Society of Utah (GSU). U.S., Civil War Soldiers, 1861–1865 [4][5][6] In 1862, the US Supreme Court used the terms "the present civil war between the United States and the so called Confederate States" and "the civil war such as that now waged between the Northern and Southern States."[7]. Its prologue referred to the war as the "Third War for Independence" since it named the War of 1812 as the second such war. The CMSR is an envelope (called a "jacket") containing one or more cards. [29], Conversely, the "War of Southern Aggression" has been used by those who maintain that the Confederacy was the belligerent party. The Civil War collections on Ancestry include more than 18 million names from both Union and Confederate records, so you can find your ancestors no matter which side they fought for. The database is comprised of four National Archives (NARA) microfilm series (M1303, M598, M2702, and M918). Mounting tensions over slavery came to a head with the election of anti-slavery President Abraham Lincoln in 1860. [citation needed]. While popular on the Confederate side during the war (Stonewall Jackson regularly referred to the war as the "second war for independence"), the term lost popularity in the immediate aftermath of the Confederacy's defeat and its failure to gain independence. In the early 20th century, the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) led a campaign to promote the term "War Between the States" in the media and public schools. U.S., Civil War Prisoner of War Records, 1861-1865. These regiments also had Caucasian officers. The name was personally ordered by Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., the 20th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Many modern accounts of Civil War battles use the names established by the North. Others relate to service in the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Boxer Rebellion, and the Regular Establishment. Last names from the Civil War? There are also two country-wide published series that list the soldiers who served in the Union or Confederate armies during the war, along with their regiments: Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System (CWSS) sponsored by the National Park Service. Some lists have also been partially published online. I'm late to this discussion, but it's one I'd like to join. Indexes to these Union pension records are available online by subscription at and (subscription links). In 1994, the US Postal Service issued a series of commemorative stamps, "The Civil War/The War Between the States.". If your ancestor has a common name, however, it may be difficult to distinguish him in these lists until you have identified his location and regiment. On April 12, 1861, Confederate forces attacked South Carolina’s Fort Sumter igniting war. The names "Civil War" and "War Between the States" have been used jointly in some formal contexts. Collection of 14,000 pardon applications featuring background information and service details for former Confederates soldiers. While infantry regiments were the most common type of service unit of the Civil War, there were many other branches of service on both sides - Union and Confederate. Surname count: 705. Records of more than 2 million Union Army soldiers who filed for pensions after the Civil War. English-language historians[8][9][10] outside the United States usually refer to the conflict as the "American Civil War". which stands for United States Colored Troops. A popular poem published in the early stages of hostilities was South Carolina. Top Answer. Also in the 20th century, the term "War of Northern Aggression" developed under the Lost Cause of the Confederacy movement by Southern history revisionists, with attempts to reimagine the American Civil War narrative negatively and to preserve Confederate legacy. Introduction Scope of the List. Wittichen, Mrs. Murray Forbes, "Let's Say 'War Between the States'", Florida Division, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 17:59. Why Were Flags So Important in the Civil War? What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? After the war, the memoirs of former Confederate officials and veterans (Joseph E. Johnston, Raphael Semmes, and especially Alexander Stephens) commonly used the term "War Between the States." [13] Their usage demonstrates the generality of the term's use. The earliest histories published in the northern states commonly refer to the war as "the Great Rebellion" or "the War of the Rebellion,"[14] as do many war monuments, hence the nicknames Johnny Reb (and Billy Yank) for the participants. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files See titles listed in Oscar Handlin et al.. Murray, Williamson and Wei-siang Hsieh, Wayne; Richard Hopwood Thornton, American Dialect Society. The records were compiled by the US War Department in a 127-volume collection, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, which was published from 1881 to 1901. Central and Eastern Europe: Sezessionskrieg is commonly used in Germany, and Wojna secesyjna is exclusively used in Poland. [17] That terminology aims to parallel usage of the American Revolutionary War. :-) Terry Thornton at, Posted text and images, unless otherwise noted, © 2007-2020 Stephanie Lincecum. Coski, John M., "The War between the Names". "[36][37] Other postwar names in the South included "The War of the Sections" and "The Brothers' War," especially in the border states.[38]. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Copies of the full Union Pension File (often containing dozens of pages) and be ordered online or by mail from the National Archives. The National Park Service, the government organization entrusted by the US Congress to preserve the battlefields of the war, uses this term. Index of soldiers who served in the Civil War, 1861-1865 culled from 6.3 million soldier records in the General Index Cards to the Compiled Military Service Records in the National Archives. Begin at home, by asking your parents, grandparents and other relatives. Confederate Applications for Presidential Pardons, 1865–1867 Union brigades were given numeric designations (1st, 2nd, etc. Amanda Jane "Mandy" Stubbs was born on 23 May 1856 in Christian County, The name "War Between the States" is inscribed on the USMC War Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. Congress has never adopted an official name for the war. [41] Examples of battles with dual names are shown in the table. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? Corps were usually written out (First Army Corps or simply First Corps), but a postwar convention developed to designate Union corps by using Roman numerals (XI Corps). The "War for Southern Independence," the "Second American Revolution," and their variations are names used by some Southerners to refer to the war. Muster-in rolls often contain places of birth, as do descriptive rolls. Beard used the term "Second American Revolution" to emphasize the changes brought on by the Union's victory. This database contains an index of compiled military service records for volunteer Union soldiers who served with units organized in more than 20 states and territories, including states in the Confederacy. Almost 7,000 photographs depicting the Civil War Era. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Confederate States presidential election of 1861,, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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